王雍君教授在2019年中国财政学会长沙会议做学术报告

faburiqi:2020nian03yue27ri   liulancishu:[]

wangyongjunjiaoshou

     

王雍君:伦理片在线免费观看今天我想给大家呈现一个不同于传统框架的财政学基础理论框架。这个框架打破了按学科和流派组织的财政学体系。目前各高校使用的财政学教材,大致都是经济学意义上的财政学,其核心部分从陈述市场失灵开始,导出经济学意义上的财政职能——由马斯格雷夫在1950年的经典著作中给出的配置、稳定和再分配职能,之后给出两个应对市场失灵的路径:一个是政府间财政安排,焦点是支出划分引导收入划分,以及两类划分的不一致导出的政府间转移支付;另一个是财政政策,与货币政策和汇率政策一同作为宏观经济政策的工具使用。这个框架只有四个核心概念:市场失灵、财政职能、财政体制和财政政策。其他内容都属于外围部分,比如收支分类和财政学流派介绍等。

zhiyujingjixueshijiaoyiwaidecaizhengwenti,tongyangbei“zhijie”daoxiangguanxuekezhong,zhuyaoshizhengzhixue、gonggongguanliyugonggongxingzheng、faxue、shixueheshehuixuedeng。

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yinciwomenxuyaoqujiangouta!

jintianbawoyixiesikaodechubuchengguogendajiafenxiang,huanyinggeweipipingzhizheng。wobazheigecaizhengxuedexinzhishitixichengzhiwei“zhishicaizhengxue”,jiaodianbingfeijutiguandian,ershidajianyouzhuyujifatiduiwenti、zhengquesikaohexingchengdongjiandezhengtikuangjia。zheigekuangjiabingbupaichijiliangmoxing,dantayueshuyuyindaojiliangmoxinghuoshuxuefangfacongshuyusangegengjinyaodewenti:tiduiwenti、zhengquesikaohexingchengdongjian。suoweilajilunwen,wufeijiushiqizhongyigeyebubeimanzu。xianzaizhuliujiaoxueheyanjiufangfamingxian“zoupian”,neijiushipianzhongshuxuefangfa。shuxueshisuoyoukexuedejichu,yeshisuoyoukexueyanjiudezhuyaofangfa。

伦理片在线免费观看zheiyuanbenmeiyouwenti,wuxuzhengzhi。wentizaiyu:zhishaozaishehuikexuelingyu,shuxuegongjudezhongyaoxingbunengtongguobenshendedaozhengming;xiangfan,qizhongyaoxingzhinengtongguotadui“tiduiwenti”、“zhengquesikao”he“xingchengdongjian”deqianzaigongxian,huozhezhishaoduiqizhongyigedejianjiegongxian,dedaozhengming!ruguomeiyouqianzaigongxian,zhishaoyedeyusanxiangyaoqiubaochiyizhi。jikanbuchuqianzaigongxian,yekanbuchuyizhixing,chuncuishibajiliangmoxingheshujuduishangqu,shenzhibuxipianfuquzhengming,zhihouzuoxietongchangwuguantongyangdecanshujianyan,zhihoudechutongchanggengpingyongdejielun,shenzhijianyanjieguoyuyuqibufudehuagancuitongguoxiugaishujuhuocanshushizhi“qiangpo”yuyuqiyizhi。zheileixianxiangyijingbushigean,suichukejian,baokuojibiebijiaogaodekanwudemouxiewenzhang。

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xianzaidecaizhengxueyouliangdawenti:diyigeshiyanjiuduixiangbumingque,diergeshiyanjiutixilingluan。caizhengxuehuayuyehenpinfa,youhenduomangdian。zhuyaogenyuanzhiyizaiyuanzhaoxuekesiweizuzhizhishitixi,beizhijieweisuipianhuadezhishitixi,quefadulichengxingdetongyihuayuhezhutidiwei。jiashangketangshangdeqifashijiaoxuejibenshangquanburangweiyu“worenwei……”detedingguandianshijiaoxuehejiliangmoxingzhudaodejiaoxue,xueshenghennancongzhongxuedaoduoshaozhenzhengyouyongdezhuanyezhishi。

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伦理片在线免费观看caizhengzhidushishehuiwupindeyigecengci,hangaijibenyuanze、jibenyuanzeyindaoxiadecaizhengguize,haiyoucaizhengguizhi。caizhengzhiduyueshuyuyindaogongkuanguanli、caizhengzhineng、zhengfujiancaizhengguanxi、caizhengzhengce、caizhengjixiao。zhidudegongnengshishehuizantonghetuidonglvzhi。gaikuoqilai,caizhengzhidujianfuliangxiangzhongdashiming:yishiyueshuyindaocaizhengquanlideyunzuo,ershiyueshuheyindaocaizhengziyuandeyunyong。ruguocaizhengxuewangxiafenweilianggefenzhidehua,yigeshiyanshuocaizhengquanlidecaizhengxue,lingyigeshiyanshuocaizhengziyuandecaizhengxue,liangzhe“qingxiqufen、jinmijiehe”zhengshi“meihaoshehui”deguanjianxingdeqiantitiaojian。yigemeihaodeshehuishixuyaoqujingxinzuzhide,yifangmiannenggouyouxiaoliyongxiqueziyuan,lingyifangmianyounenggouyijiaoshaochongtudefangshibashehuizuzhiqilai。ziyuandechongfenliyongjiashangrenjiguanxidehexie,dazhidingyile“meihaoshehui”,yinweirenleigonggongshenghuodezuigaolixianghegenbenyiyiyekecongzhongshengtengerchu。

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